Tire tread wear particles in ambient air - a previously unknown source of human exposure to the biocide 2-mercaptobenzothiazole
2014 (English)In: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 21, no 19, 11580-11586 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Urban particulate matter (PM), asphalt, and tire samples were investigated for their content of benzothiazole and benzothiazole derivates. The purpose of this study was to examine whether wear particles, i.e., tire tread wear or road surface wear, could contribute to atmospheric concentrations of benzothiazole derivatives. Airborne particulate matter (PM10) sampled at a busy street in Stockholm, Sweden, contained on average 17 pg/m3 benzothiazole and 64 pg/m3 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, and the total suspended particulate-associated benzothiazole and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole concentrations were 199 and 591 pg/m3, respectively. This indicates that tire tread wear may be a major source of these benzothiazoles to urban air PM in Stockholm. Furthermore, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole was determined in urban air particulates for the first time in this study, and its presence in inhalable PM10 implies that the human exposure to this biocide is underestimated. This calls for a revision of the risk assessments of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole exposure to humans which currently is limited to occupational exposure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 19, 11580-11586 p.
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-104499DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3131-1ISI: 000342416400046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-104499DiVA: diva2:723641