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Vuxenutbildningen - en nystart på den edukativa vägen: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur vuxenelever ser på sitt lärande i ämnet svenska
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Under min tid som lärare i vuxenutbildningen har jag träffat många elever som har negativa erfarenheter av att studera. Flera av dem har misslyckats i sina tidigare studier av olika orsaker, men min erfarenhet är att många av dessa elever lyckas i vuxenutbildningen. Syftet med denna studie är att belysa hur vuxenelever ser på sitt lärande i ämnet svenska, dels under sin nuvarande studietid i vuxenutbildningen, dels under sina tidigare studier i grundskola samt gymnasieskola. Metoden som använts i studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie utifrån en fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk ansats. I studien deltar sju vuxenelever som berättar om sina upplevelser av sitt lärande i ämnet svenska. Resultatet visar på flera skillnader i vuxenelevers lärande från grundskolan/grundsärskolan, gymnasieskolan/gymnasiesärskolan till vuxenutbildningen. En skillnad gäller informanternas motivation till skolan vilken har förändrats under skoltiden. Det beror till stor del på lärarens stöd, krav och feedback som eleverna fått alternativt inte fått i skolan. Ytterligare skillnader som resultatet påvisar gäller klassrumsmiljön och studiestrategier. Informanterna anser att vuxenutbildningen är bättre på att tillgodose en inkluderande lärandemiljö som ger dem förutsättningar att lyckas i sina studier. Vuxenutbildningen ger på så sätt ett erkännande till eleverna som leder till att de får en bättre självkänsla. Resultatet belyser likaså situationer som är och har varit betydelsefulla för informanterna men även situationer som försvårade deras lärande. Betydelsefulla situationer berör användningen av goda studiestrategier. Situationer som försvårade berör däremot konsekvenser från kunskapsbedömningar och bedömningar som grundats på informanternas personliga egenskaper, exempelvis epilepsi.

Abstract [en]

During my time as a teacher in adult education, I have met many students who have negative experience of studying. Several of them have failed in their previous studies for different reasons, but my experience is that many of these students succeed in adult education. The purpose of this study is to illustrate how adult students view their learning in the subject Swedish and during their current studies in adult education, as well as during their previous studies in primary and secondary school. The method that has been used in this study is a qualitative study based on a phenomenological - hermeneutic approach. The study involves seven students who talk about their experiences when studying Swedish. The results show several differences in those learning experiences that stretch from primary school to adult education. One difference concerns the informants' motivation to school which has changed during school time. It largely depends on the teacher’s support, demands and feedback that students did or didn’t receive during their time at school. Further differences that are highlighted in the results are about environment and study strategies. The informants believe that adult education is better at satisfying an inclusive learning environment that gives them the potential to succeed in their studies. Adult education thus gives the students a recognition that eventually increases their self-esteem. The result also highlights situations that are and have been important for the informants but also situations that impeded their learning. Significant situations involved the use of good study strategies while impeding situations originate in knowledge assessments and judgments that were made on the basis of the informants’ personal characteristics, such as epilepsy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Pupils, learning, school subject - Swedish, experiences, adult education
Keyword [sv]
Elever, lärande, ämnet svenska, upplevelser, vuxenutbildningen
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-104663OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-104663DiVA: diva2:724726
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-16 Created: 2014-06-13 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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