Mean-field dynamo action from delayed transport
2014 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 441, no 1, 116-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We analyse the nature of dynamo action that enables growing horizontally averaged magnetic fields in two particular flows that were studied by Roberts in 1972, namely his flows II and III. They have zero kinetic helicity either pointwise (flow II), or on average (flow III). Using direct numerical simulations, we determine the onset conditions for dynamo action at moderate values of the magnetic Reynolds number. Using the test-field method, we show that the turbulent magnetic diffusivity is then positive for both flows. However, we demonstrate that for both flows large-scale dynamo action occurs through delayed transport. Mathematically speaking, the magnetic field at earlier times contributes to the electromotive force through the off-diagonal components of the a tensor such that a zero mean magnetic field becomes unstable to dynamo action. This represents a qualitatively new mean-field dynamo mechanism not previously described.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 441, no 1, 116-126 p.
dynamo, magnetic fields, MHD, turbulence
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105416DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu438ISI: 000336249300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-105416DiVA: diva2:729089