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Everything is connected: Challenges and opportunities for organic multifunctional farms in the Baltic Sea region
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Building on concepts of the place-based, embedded and multifunctional characteristics of agriculture this study explores farmers’ strategies related to multifunctionality, diversification and farm viability. The case study is based on interviews with 18 farmers and farm managers from the countries in the Baltic Sea region. A special emphasis is on environmental aspects of agriculture and environmentally oriented farming practices.


The thesis shows motives related to environmental concern encountered among the case study farms as well as reasons for diversification or lack thereof. A strong environmental focus is found in how the farmers’ reflect both on their agricultural practices and its goals. A wide range of diversification strategies variously employed by the farmers and with differing motives are discussed and the importance attached by the farmers to cooperation and associationalism is highlighted.


A comparison of the case study farms with the concept of ecological modernisation and intensification and reveals that the farms share many features advanced within these theoretical frameworks. Finally suggestions on how organic and locally integrated farms may be furthered within the Baltic Sea region are offered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 68 p.
Keyword [en]
Multifunctional agriculture, diversification, organic agriculture, ecological recycling agriculture, ecological intensification, Baltic Sea region
National Category
Social Sciences Law and Society
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105678OAI: diva2:730294
Available from: 2014-06-27 Created: 2014-06-27 Last updated: 2014-06-27Bibliographically approved

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