Ekosystemtjänster, grönområden och stadsplanering i Stockholm
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
As environmental problems have been observed in the majority of global ecosystems, so hasthe research concerning their importance for humans grown, and the term ecosystem services has developed considerably during the last decades. Ecosystem services refer to the benefits humans can obtain from their natural surroundings. A part of this research development has concentrated on urban environments, and how green areas within cities have proved to contribute with important benefits for urban dwellers. This study investigates how urban green areas and their ecosystem services have affected city planning in Stockholm, by comparing the research development with how green areas are treated in comprehensive plans from year 1990, 1999 and 2010. The results of the literature study show that three focus areas are present within the research: investigations of which ecosystem services green areas contribute with, how spatial patterns and green structure affect the functionality of ecosystems and how resilient, or ecologically resistant, green areas can contribute to sustainable development within cities. An evaluation of the comprehensive plans shows that the treatment of green areas within the three planning documents is not dependent on the corresponding research development, with the exception of theories on sustainable development. The latest comprehensive plan contains fewer ecosystem services compared to the plan from 1999, and differs from both former plans since the maintenance of green structure is not promoted as clearly. Results of the study therefore imply that the role of green areas in physical planning in Stockholm has rather diminished than grown, which raises questions about the significance of urban ecosystem research for society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 31 p.
Stadsplanering, urbana grönområden, ekosystemtjänster
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-105737DiVA: diva2:731058