Geometric uncertainty relation for mixed quantum states
Number of Authors: 2
2014 (English)In: Journal of Mathematical Physics, ISSN 0022-2488, E-ISSN 1089-7658, Vol. 55, no 4, 042110- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper we use symplectic reduction in an Uhlmann bundle to construct a principal fiber bundle over a general space of unitarily equivalent mixed quantum states. The bundle, which generalizes the Hopf bundle for pure states, gives in a canonical way rise to a Riemannian metric and a symplectic structure on the base space. With these we derive a geometric uncertainty relation for observables acting on quantum systems in mixed states. We also give a geometric proof of the classical Robertson-Schrodinger uncertainty relation, and we compare the two. They turn out not to be equivalent, because of the multiple dimensions of the gauge group for general mixed states. We give examples of observables for which the geometric relation provides a stronger estimate than that of Robertson and Schrodinger, and vice versa.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 55, no 4, 042110- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105238DOI: 10.1063/1.4871548ISI: 000336084100017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-105238DiVA: diva2:731671
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2008-5227