Characterization of the Morphology of Fast-Tumbling Bicelles with Varying Composition
2014 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 30, no 19, 5488-5496 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Small, fast-tumbling bicelles are frequently used in solution NMR studies of protein lipid interactions. For this purpose it is critical to have information about the organization of the lipids within the bicelle structure. We have studied the morphology of small, fast-tumbling bicelles containing DMPC and DHPC as a function of temperature, lipid concentration, and the relative ratio (q value) of lipid (DMPC) to detergent (DHPC) amounts. Dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy techniques were used to measure the size of the bicelles and to monitor the shape and dispersity of the particles in the samples. The stability and size of DMPC-containing bicelle mixtures were found to be highly dependent on temperature and the total lipid concentration for mixtures with q = 1 and q = 1.5. Stable DMPC/DHPC bicelles are only formed at low q values (0.5). Bicelle mixtures with q > 0.5 appear to be multidisperse containing more than one component, one with r(H) around 2.5 nm and one with r(H) of 6-8 nm. This is interpreted as a coexistence of small (possibly mixed micelles) bicelles and much larger bicelles. Incubating the sample at 37 degrees C increases the phase separation. Moreover, low total amphiphile concentrations and low q values lead to the formation of a temperature-independent morphology, interpreted as the formation of small particles in which the DHPC and DMPC are more mixed. On the basis of these results, we propose the existence of a critical bicelle concentration, a parameter that determines the existence of bilayered bicelles, which varies with q value. This polymorphism was not observed at any concentrations for q = 0.5 bicelles, for which a small but detectable temperature dependence was observed at high concentrations. The results demonstrate that q = 0.5 mixtures predominantly form classical bicelles, but that caution is needed when using fast-tumbling mixtures with q values higher than 0.5.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 30, no 19, 5488-5496 p.
Research subject Biophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105194DOI: 10.1021/la500231zISI: 000336414500019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-105194DiVA: diva2:732495
FunderSwedish Research Council