Densification as an exothermic process revealed by rapid high temperature consolidation of BaTiO3 nanopowder
2014 (English)In: Advances in Applied Ceramics: Structural, Functional and Bioceramics, ISSN 1743-6753, Vol. 113, no 4, 251-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Densification is an exothermic process according to the classical sintering theories; however, it has never been explored experimentally. In the present work, such heat release was successfully detected from nanosized BaTiO3 nanopowder compact, which was rapidly consolidated by spark plasma sintering. A reduction of total power consumption was observed immediately when rapid densification occurred. The effects of the deviation of overall electric resistance on total power consumption were analysed. The temperature at which a falling inflection point of the power supply was observed can be used as an indicator of the minimum temperature required for densification. This would be of help for defining the 'kinetic window' for processing of nanoceramics in sintering practice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 113, no 4, 251-256 p.
Spark plasma sintering, Sintering, Densification, Nanocrystalline materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105923DOI: 10.1179/1743676114Y.0000000152ISI: 000337023700009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-105923DiVA: diva2:733223
FunderEU, European Research Council