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The tense-aspect system of Khorchin Mongolian
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6564-4451
2014 (English)In: On diversity and complexity of languages spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia / [ed] Pirkko Suihkonen, Lindsay J. Whaley, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, 1-66 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Khorchin, a Mongolian dialect spoken in eastern Inner Mongolia, has a tense-aspect system slightly simpler than Middle Mongol and considerably simpler than Central Mongolian dialects (Khalkha, Chakhar). While it can express the time stability of ongoing events with many nuances, present habitual and generic events are not distinguished. The existence of a present perfect category is doubtful, but in any case it doesn’t extend to the past as participle-copula-combinations are impossible. Evidentiality was lost in the central verbal system, but a non-obligatory quotative/hearsay marker exists. This article is an attempt to fit these phenomena into a coherent system of tense, aspect and related notions and to explore some of its diachronic implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014. 1-66 p.
Series
Studies in language companion series, 164
Keyword [en]
Khorchin, Mongolian, tense, aspect, evidentiality
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106128DOI: 10.1075/slcs.164.01broISBN: 9789027259295 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106128DiVA: diva2:734897
Available from: 2014-07-21 Created: 2014-07-21 Last updated: 2016-01-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Aspect, evidentiality and tense in Mongolian: From Middle Mongol to Khalkha and Khorchin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aspect, evidentiality and tense in Mongolian: From Middle Mongol to Khalkha and Khorchin
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis consists of an introduction and the following papers:

  • The aspect-evidentiality system of Middle Mongol. Ural-Altaic Studies, 13. (forthcoming)
  • The tense-aspect system of Khorchin Mongolian. In: Pirkko Suihkonen & Lindsay Whaley (eds.), Typology of Languages of Europe and Northern and Central Asia. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (forthcoming)
  • Aspect and epistemic notions in the present tense system of Khalkha Mongolian. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. (forthcoming)
  • Factual vs. evidential? - The past tense forms of spoken Khalkha Mongolian. In: Ad Foolen, Helen de Hoop, & Gijs Mulder (eds.), Empirical Approaches to Evidentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (under review)

Its purpose is to give an account of tense, aspect and evidentiality in three Mongolian varieties: Middle Mongol (MM) as spoken in the Mongol Empire, Khalkha Mongolian as spoken in the Mongolian state, and Khorchin Mongolian as spoken in eastern Inner Mongolia, China. MM started out with a tripartite tense distinction and a medium-sized aspectual system. Its past evidential system was tripartite with suffixes for firsthand, non-firsthand and evidentially neutral information. In Khorchin, which developed under the influence of Mandarin and Manchu, evidentiality was lost, and tense was simplified into a past / non-past distinction, alongside with a discontinuous proximal future / past marker. The aspect system underwent some changes, but retained its complexity. Khalkha, which developed under the influence of Turkic and Tibetan, underwent some shared innovations with Khorchin, but retained participles as a multifunctional unit within finite predicates, so that its aspectual system grew more complex. The past evidentiality distinctions of MM were basically retained, but the introduction of present tense evidentiality brought a number of changes: the evidentially neutral value shifted to signaling assimilated knowledge, and discontinuous future uses were introduced for all past markers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University, 2014. 51 p.
Keyword
Middle Mongolian, Mongolian, Khalkha, Khorchin, tense, evidentiality, aspect, complex predicates
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106174 (URN)978-91-628-9124-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-17, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted. Paper 2: Accepted. Paper 3: Accepted. Paper 4: Submitted.

 

Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-07-24 Last updated: 2014-08-05Bibliographically approved

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