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The biogeochemistry of carbon across a gradient of streams and rivers within the Congo Basin
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, ISSN 2169-8953, Vol. 119, no 4, 687-702 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and inorganic carbon (DIC, pCO(2)), lignin biomarkers, and theoptical properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were measured in a gradient of streams and rivers within the Congo Basin, with the aim of examining how vegetation cover and hydrology influences the composition and concentration of fluvial carbon (C). Three sampling campaigns (February 2010, November 2010, and August 2011) spanning 56 sites are compared by subbasin watershed land cover type (savannah, tropical forest, and swamp) and hydrologic regime (high, intermediate, and low). Land cover properties predominately controlled the amount and quality of DOC, chromophoric DOM (CDOM) and lignin phenol concentrations (Sigma(8)) exported in streams and rivers throughout the Congo Basin. Higher DIC concentrations and changing DOM composition (lower molecular weight, less aromatic C) during periods of low hydrologic flow indicated shifting rapid overland supply pathways in wet conditions to deeper groundwater inputs during drier periods. Lower DOC concentrations in forest and swamp subbasins were apparent with increasing catchment area, indicating enhanced DOC loss with extended water residence time. Surface water pCO(2) in savannah and tropical forest catchments ranged between 2,600 and 11,922 mu atm, with swamp regions exhibiting extremely high pCO(2) (10,598-15,802 mu atm), highlighting their potential as significant pathways for water-air efflux. Our data suggest that the quantity and quality of DOM exported to streams and rivers are largely driven by terrestrial ecosystem structure and that anthropogenic land use or climate change may impact fluvial C composition and reactivity, with ramifications for regional C budgets and future climate scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, no 4, 687-702 p.
Keyword [en]
dissolved organic matter, lignin, CDOM, pCO(2), aquatic, hydrology
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106115DOI: 10.1002/2013JG002442ISI: 000337285500014OAI: diva2:735156


Available from: 2014-07-23 Created: 2014-07-21 Last updated: 2014-07-23Bibliographically approved

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Salter, Matthew E.
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Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM)
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