Endogenous Polyamines Reduce the Toxicity of Soluble A beta Peptide Aggregates Associated with Alzheimer's Disease
2014 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 15, no 6, 1985-1991 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polyamines promote the formation of the A beta peptide amyloid fibers that are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that polyamines interact with nonaggregated A beta peptides, thereby reducing the peptide's hydrophobic surface. We characterized the associated conformational change through NMR titrations and molecular dynamics simulations. We found that even low concentrations of spermine, sperimidine, and putrescine fully protected SH-SY5Y (a neuronal cell model) against the most toxic conformational species of AA even at an A beta oligomer concentration that would otherwise kill half of the cells or even more. These observations lead us to conclude that polyamines interfere with the more toxic prefibrillar conformations and might protect cells by promoting the structural transition of A beta toward its less toxic fibrillar state that we reported previously. Since polyamines are present in brain fluid at the concentrations where we observed all these effects, their activity needs to be taken into account in understanding the molecular processes related to the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, no 6, 1985-1991 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106076DOI: 10.1021/bm401874jISI: 000337497100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106076DiVA: diva2:735580