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Seagrass importance for a small-scale fishery in the tropics: The need for seascape management
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
2014 (English)In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, E-ISSN 1879-3363, Vol. 83, no 2, 398-407 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Small-scale fisheries (SSF) in tropical seascapes (mosaics of interconnected mangroves, seagrasses and corals) are crucial for food and income. However, management is directed mostly to corals and mangroves. This research analyzes the importance of seagrasses compared to adjacent ecosystems in Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar, Tanzania. Using fish landings; the study investigated: location of fishing effort, fish production (biomass and species), and monetary benefits (aggregated value and per capita income). Seagrasses were the most visited grounds providing highest community benefits. Per capita benefits were equivalent to those from corals and mangroves. All three habitats provided income just above extreme poverty levels; however catches from seagrass appeared more stable. Seagrass are key ecosystems supporting SSF and protection and management are urgently needed. Adoption of a seascape approach considering all ecosystems underpinning SSF and the social aspects of fishing and a shift in emphasis from pure conservation to sustainable resource management would be desirable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 83, no 2, 398-407 p.
Keyword [en]
Small-scale fisheries, Coastal management, Seascape, Seagrass, Marine spatial planning, MPA
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106329DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.03.034ISI: 000338406100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106329DiVA: diva2:736580
Note

AuthorCount:3;

Available from: 2014-08-07 Created: 2014-08-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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