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Glasses as sources of condensed phosphates on the early earth
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
2014 (English)In: Geochemical Transactions, ISSN 1467-4866, E-ISSN 1467-4866, Vol. 15, 8- p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Procedures for the analysis of phosphorus in geological material normally aims for the determination of the total amount of P expressed as orthophosphate (PO43-) or the differentiation between inorganic and organic P. This is probably due to analytical difficulties but also to the prevalent opinion that the chemistry of phosphorus in geological environments is almost entirely restricted to the mineral apatite. Because of the low solubility of apatite it is, therefore, commonly argued that little P was around for prebiotic chemistry and that pre-biological processes would essentially have had to do without this indispensable element unless it was provided by alternative sources or mechanisms (such as reduction and activation by lightning or delivery to Earth by celestial bodies). It is a paradox that the potential existence of reactive phosphorus compounds, such as the mineral schreibersite - iron phosphide, in geological material on Earth is seldom considered although we are aware of the existence of such compounds in meteorite material. The content of Al2O3 in rocks appears to be important for the speciation of phosphorus and for how strongly it binds to silicates. In general, low alumina seems to promote the existence of isolated charge-balanced phosphorus complexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, 8- p.
Keyword [en]
Condensed phosphates, Pyrophosphate, Trimetaphosphate, Early Earth, Archean, Hadean, Ultramafic glass, Basaltic glass, Komatiite, Oceanic basement
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106344DOI: 10.1186/1467-4866-15-8ISI: 000338240400001OAI: diva2:736707


Available from: 2014-08-08 Created: 2014-08-04 Last updated: 2014-08-08Bibliographically approved

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