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Social-ecological memory as a source of general and specified resilience
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Number of Authors: 2
2014 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, no 2, 47- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We explored why social-ecological memory (SEM) is a source of inertia and path dependence, as well as a source of renewal and reorganization in social-ecological systems (SESs). We have presented two case studies: the historical case of the Norse settlement on Greenland and an empirical case from contemporary southern Madagascar. The cases illustrate how SEM is linked to specific pathways of development and a particular set of natural resource management practices. We have shown that in each case, a broader diversity of SEM is present in the SESs, but not drawn upon. Instead, SEMs are part of what explains community coherence and the barriers to adoption of more diverse practices. We have elaborated on how specific SEMs are linked to specified resilience, and we have shown that this fits existing notions of resilience, robustness, inertia, and path dependence. We have proposed that to change the dynamics of development pathways that do not produce desired results, it is necessary for managers to shift from specific to general SEM, which would also mirror the shift from specified to general resilience. The challenge lies in the interplay between the specified and the general. In this critical work, it is important to recognize that the valued diversity of SEM necessary for general resilience might actually reside in a different community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 19, no 2, 47- p.
Keyword [en]
general and specified resilience, identity, pathway dependency, robustness, social-ecological memory
National Category
Ecology Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106609DOI: 10.5751/ES-06167-190247ISI: 000338711600006OAI: diva2:737610


Available from: 2014-08-13 Created: 2014-08-12 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Nykvist, Björnvon Heland, Jacob
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Stockholm Resilience CentreStockholm Environment Institute
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