Quantum Bidding in Bridge
2014 (English)In: Physical Review X, ISSN 2160-3308, E-ISSN 2160-3308, Vol. 4, no 2, 021047Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Quantum methods allow us to reduce communication complexity of some computational tasks, with several separated partners, beyond classical constraints. Nevertheless, experimental demonstrations of this have thus far been limited to some abstract problems, far away from real-life tasks. We show here, and demonstrate experimentally, that the power of reduction of communication complexity can be harnessed to gain an advantage in a famous, immensely popular, card game-bridge. The essence of a winning strategy in bridge is efficient communication between the partners. The rules of the game allow only a specific form of communication, of very low complexity (effectively, one has strong limitations on the number of exchanged bits). Surprisingly, our quantum technique does not violate the existing rules of the game (as there is no increase in information flow). We show that our quantum bridge auction corresponds to a biased nonlocal Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt game, which is equivalent to a 2 -> 1 quantum random access code. Thus, our experiment is also a realization of such protocols. However, this correspondence is not complete, which enables the bridge players to have efficient strategies regardless of the quality of their detectors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 2, 021047
Quantum Physics, Quantum Information
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106595DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.4.021047ISI: 000338666800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106595DiVA: diva2:737612