Individual cognitive patterns and developmental trajectories after preterm birth
2015 (English)In: Child Neuropsychology, ISSN 0929-7049, E-ISSN 1744-4136, Vol. 21, no 5, 648-667 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cognitive outcome after preterm birth is heterogeneous, and group level analyses may disguise individual variability in development. Using a person-oriented approach, this study investigated individual cognitive patterns and developmental trajectories from preschool age to late adolescence. As part of a prospective longitudinal study, 118 adolescents born preterm, with a birth weight <1,500 g, participated in neuropsychological assessments at age 5½ years and at 18 years. At each age, four cognitive indices, two tapping general ability and two tapping executive functions, were formed to reflect each individual’s cognitive profile. Cluster analyses were performed at each age separately, and individual movements between clusters across time were investigated. At both 5½ and 18 years, six distinct, and similar, cognitive patterns were identified. Executive functions were a weakness for some but not all subgroups, and verbal ability was a strength primarily among those whose overall performance fell within the normal range. Overall, cognitive ability at 5½ years was highly predictive of ability at age 18. Those who performed at low levels at 5½ did not catch-up, but rather deteriorated in relative performance. Over half of the individuals who performed above norm at 5½ years improved their relative performance by age 18. Among those performing around norm at 5½ years, half improved their relative performance over time, whereas the other half faced increased problems, indicating a need for further developmental monitoring. Perinatal factors were not conclusively related to outcome, stressing the need for cognitive follow-up assessment of the preterm born child before school entry.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 5, 648-667 p.
cluster analysis, executive function, longitudinal, parental education, perinatal factors
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106802DOI: 10.1080/09297049.2014.958071ISI: 000360617900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106802DiVA: diva2:739475