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A Comparative Study of Net Transfers for Different Immigrant Groups: Evidence from Germany
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2014 (English)In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 52, no 4, 175-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of immigration to Western welfare states, certain aspects, such as the financial cost of providing social welfare, have become a subject of debate. The net amount of costs and tax payments, sometimes referred to as net transfers, has been used as a measure for evaluating the sustainability of welfare state systems. The present study analyses determinants of the volume of net transfers in Germany in 2002 with reference to immigrants from Poland, Turkey, former Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Iran. The study focuses on the differences and similarities between their outcomes. In line with previous research, the results below suggest that employment situation and family composition explain a large part of the differences in net transfers. One outcome that has not previously been adequately addressed, however, is that the legal immigration status granted on arrival in Germany is of considerable importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 52, no 4, 175-208 p.
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106880DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00573.xISI: 000339959300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106880DiVA: diva2:740724
Available from: 2014-08-26 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studying the Interplay of Immigration and Welfare States
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studying the Interplay of Immigration and Welfare States
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A comparative study of net transfers for different immigrant groups: Evidence from Germany

This paper analyzes determinants of net transfers for immigrants living in Germany in 2002, coming from five different countries. Net transfers refer to the net amount of costs and tax payments in the public budget account. The study focuses on differences/similarities between outcomes. The results suggest that employment situation and family composition explain a major part of the differences, but also that legal immigration status granted on arrival in Germany seem to matter.

The impact of immigration on the size of government: Empirical evidence from Danish municipalities

This study examines whether the influx of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities in the period from 1995 to 2001 affected the size of public spending. In the paper three measures of public expenditure are examined. The resulting regression estimates do not support those scholars who propose/predict a negative link between government spending and immigration in Western welfare states. On the contrary, an increase in the share of non-Western immigrants led to a small but significant increase in income tax payments.

The impact of immigration on election outcomes in Danish municipalities

In this paper we study the effects of changes in the share of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities on the support for different political parties in the period from 1989 to 2001. Regression estimations show that anti-immigration parties gained support as a reaction to a larger immigrant share, but so did also a pro-immigration party on the left. Our results point to that Danish citizens voice their displeasure over immigration within their neighborhoods; nevertheless, we do not find indications of a weakening of support for the welfare state as such, as predicted by several authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), 2008. 38 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 73
Keyword
net transfers, welfare use, social cohesion, welfare state, elections, xenophobia
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8111 (URN)978-91-7155-698-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-09-12, hörsal 5, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-08-21 Created: 2008-08-21 Last updated: 2014-08-26Bibliographically approved

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