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Multigenerational Processes in Demography
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. (Demografiska enheten (SUDA))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7175-4040
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary social science research has often focused on nuclear family relationships, and has largely neglected kinship and family outside the nuclear household. In this doctoral thesis I explore demographic issues from a multigenerational perspective, using Swedish register data and mathematical modeling. In different chapters I examine intergenerational transmission of fertility—the relationship between the number of siblings and other kin, and the fertility of an individual. The thesis demonstrates the possibilities for empirical research on family and kinship based on Swedish register data. Unique linkage opportunities across three and four generations are applied to previously unexplored research questions. The studies in the thesis demonstrate the importance of kin outside the household, such as grandparents, aunts/uncles, and cousins, for fertility and family dynamics.

Abstract [sv]

Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning har i hög grad varit fokuserad på kärnfamiljer, och i lägre grad undersökt släktskap utanför hushållet. Den här avhandlingen undersöker demografiska frågor utifrån ett flergenerationsperspektiv med hjälp av svenska registerdata och matematisk modellering. I de olika studierna undersöker jag den sociala överföringen av barnafödande mellan fler generationer—sambanden mellan antalet syskon och andra familjemedlemmar, och en persons barnafödande. Avhandlingen demonstrerar hur svenska registerdata möjliggör empirisk forskning om familj och släktskap. De unika kopplingsmöjligheterna över tre till fyra generationer appliceras på tidigare outforskade forskningsfrågor. Avhandlingen visar vikten av släktskap utanför kärnfamiljen, så som far/mor-föräldrar samt kusiner, för familjedemografiska processer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2014. , 64 p.
Series
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 12
Keyword [en]
demography, kinship, intergenerational transmission, multigenerational demography, fertility, grandparents, Sweden, distance, cultural evolution
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106987ISBN: 978-91-7447-976-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106987DiVA: diva2:742300
Public defence
2014-10-04, A2, Universitetsvägen 10 A, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164
Available from: 2014-09-11 Created: 2014-09-01 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Multigenerational transmission of family size in contemporary Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multigenerational transmission of family size in contemporary Sweden
2014 (English)In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 68, no 1, 111-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study of the intergenerational transmission of fertility has a long history in demography, but until now research has focused primarily on parents' influence on their children's fertility patterns and has largely overlooked the possible influence of other kin. This study examines the transmission of fertility patterns from parents, grandparents, uncles, and aunts, using event history models to determine the risk of first, second, and third births. Swedish register data are used to study the 1970-82 birth cohorts. The findings indicate strong associations between the fertility of index persons and that of their parents, and also independent associations between the completed fertility of index persons and that of their grandparents and parents' siblings. The results suggest that, when examining background effects in fertility research, it is relevant to take a multigenerational perspective and to consider the characteristics of extended kin.

Keyword
intergenerational transmission, multigenerational demography, kinship, fertility, grandparents, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105949 (URN)10.1080/00324728.2013.819112 (DOI)000337087300007 ()
Note

AuthorCount:1;

Available from: 2014-07-08 Created: 2014-07-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Understanding transmission of fertility across multiple generations - Socialization or socioeconomics?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding transmission of fertility across multiple generations - Socialization or socioeconomics?
2014 (English)In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, ISSN 0276-5624, E-ISSN 1878-5654, Vol. 35, 89-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A number of studies have documented consistent patterns in intergenerational transmission of fertility in contemporary societies. However, why children replicate the family size of their parents has received significantly less attention. The goal of this study is to examine whether observed fertility associations across generations are due in part to an intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status. Swedish registry data on childbearing histories, other demographic events, and socioeconomic traits are used to disentangle possible explanations of intergenerational fertility continuities. Data are collected for the Swedish cohorts born between 1970 and 1982 for whom parents' and grandparents' family size can be observed. The inclusion of data on grandparents gives insights into pathways for multigenerational associations, and allows for comparisons between maternal and paternal characteristics that are otherwise hard to separate. Results show that some of the observed intergenerational continuity in fertility can be explained by continuities in education and socioeconomic status, but that most fertility associations remain and are related to other sources, such as transmission of values and preferred family size.

Keyword
Intergenerational transmission of fertility, Grandparent, Grandchildren, Fertility, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-105942 (URN)10.1016/j.rssm.2013.09.006 (DOI)000336872700007 ()
Note

AuthorCount:1;

Available from: 2014-07-08 Created: 2014-07-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Correlations in fertility across generations: can low fertility persist?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correlations in fertility across generations: can low fertility persist?
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 281, no 1779, 20132561- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Correlations in family size across generations could have a major influence on human population size in the future. Empirical studies have shown that the associations between the fertility of parents and the fertility of children are substantial and growing over time. Despite their potential long-term consequences, intergenerational fertility correlations have largely been ignored by researchers. We present a model of the fertility transition as a cultural process acting on new lifestyles associated with fertility. Differences in parental and social influences on the acquisition of these lifestyles result in intergenerational correlations in fertility. We show different scenarios for future population size based on models that disregard intergenerational correlations in fertility, models with fertility correlations and a single lifestyle, and models with fertility correlations and multiple lifestyles. We show that intergenerational fertility correlations will result in an increase in fertility over time. However, present low-fertility levels may persist if the rapid introduction of new cultural lifestyles continues into the future.

Keyword
fertility, intergenerational transmission of fertility, differential fertility, demographic transition, cultural evolution, socialization
National Category
Sociology Biological Sciences
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102458 (URN)10.1098/rspb.2013.2561 (DOI)000332382700009 ()
Note

AuthorCount:3;

Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. A Life-Course Analysis of Geographical Distance to Siblings, Parents, and Grandparents in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Life-Course Analysis of Geographical Distance to Siblings, Parents, and Grandparents in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, no 3, e2020Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study makes a contribution to the demography and geography of kinship by studying how internal migration and demography shape the geographical availability of kin in contemporary Sweden. Age structures an individual's relationship with their parents and other kin, and this is reflected in how geographical distance to kin varies over the life course. This study uses a longitudinal approach in which the distance to siblings, parents, and grandparents is measured for the same individuals at different ages. The study follows all men and women in Sweden born in 1970 (N = 74,406) and their kin from age 10 (in 1980) to age 37 (in 2007), examining changes in distances to kin at ages when the cohort leave the parental home and often begin a new family. Swedish administrative registers containing yearly information on residence of everyone in Sweden are used to examine how geographical proximity changes over the life course. The study reveals overall continuity in geographical distance to family members after age 25. Overall, results show that Swedes live close to parents, siblings, and grandparents and have a large family network in their proximity. 

Keyword
family geography, grandparents, life course, siblings, Sweden, intergenerational relations
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-131725 (URN)10.1002/psp.2020 (DOI)000400988400011 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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