A comparative conceptual framework is established to analyze hybrids of Western and Chinese strategic management types, where the foundation is an institutional strategic management theory.
This framework is then applied to develop a research instrument that is used in a pilot study of 21 cases in China, primarily Swedish MNCs.
In this study, a complex picture emerges of the various mixes of management types in international firms operating in China. The results demonstrate that the comparative institutional strategic management framework developed seems to work for studying such mixtures of management types.
Our discussion is based on the assumption of two dominating management types in international firms in China. We have found different mixtures among the firms. Besides strategic management, the theory and instrument might also be useful for human resource management issues like recruitment and talent management.
Practical implications include a potentially useful measurement tool for strategic management in international firms and for evaluating executives in existing and new positions.Moreover, a contribution is made to global management, since the framework is also useful for comparing strategic management types of international firms in and outside China.
This paper contributes to this research in two ways. First, a comparative theory is specified to study the hybrids of strategic management types of international firms, especially for firms in China. Second, an instrument is developed for researching such management mixes and used on a pilot study of international firms operating in China.
2015. Vol. 10, no 2, 209-223 p.