Surface Energy Exchanges during Pre-monsoon Thunderstorm Activity over a Tropical Station Kharagpur
2014 (English)In: Pure and Applied Geophysics, ISSN 0033-4553, E-ISSN 1420-9136, Vol. 171, no 7, 1445-1459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present study an attempt has been made to understand the variation of surface energy fluxes such as net radiation, sensible, latent and soil heat during different epochs of thunderstorm activity at Kharagpur. The study also focuses in delineating the difference in the surface energy budget from the days of thunderstorm activity to fair weather days in the pre-monsoon months (April and May) which is locally known as thunderstorm season. For this purpose, experimental data obtained from the Severe Thunderstorms- Observations and Regional Modeling (STORM) programme during pre-monsoon months of 2007, 2009 and 2010 at Kharagpur (22A degrees 30'N, 87A degrees 20'E), West Bengal, India are used. The present study reveals quick response, in the order of a few days, in the variations of transport of energy fluxes at soil-atmosphere interface to the upper atmosphere vis-A -vis to the occurrence of thunderstorm activity. Rise of surface sensible heat flux to the level of surface latent heat flux a day or two before the occurrence of a thunderstorm has been identified as a precursor signal for the thunderstorm occurrence over Kharagpur. Distinguishable differences are found in the partitioning of the surface energy fluxes to that of net radiation between thunderstorm and non-thunderstorm days. The present study reveals more Bowen's ratio during thunderstorm days to that of nonthunderstorm days. These results are useful in validating mesoscale model simulations of thunderstorm activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 171, no 7, 1445-1459 p.
Surface energy balance, sensible heat flux, latent heat flux, thunderstorm
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-107443DOI: 10.1007/s00024-013-0682-xISI: 000340480700021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-107443DiVA: diva2:747599