On the seawater temperature dependence of the sea spray aerosol generated by a continuous plunging jet
2014 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 119, no 14, 9052-9072 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Breaking waves on the ocean surface produce bubbles which, upon bursting, deliver seawater constituents into the atmosphere as sea spray aerosol particles. One way of investigating this process in the laboratory is to generate a bubble plume by a continuous plunging jet. We performed a series of laboratory experiments to elucidate the role of seawater temperature on aerosol production from artificial seawater free from organic contamination using a plunging jet. The seawater temperature was varied from -1.3 degrees C to 30.1 degrees C, while the volume of air entrained by the jet, surface bubble size distributions, and size distribution of the aerosol particles produced was monitored. We observed that the volume of air entrained decreased as the seawater temperature was increased. The number of surface bubbles with film radius smaller than 2 mm decreased nonlinearly with seawater temperature. This decrease was coincident with a substantial reduction in particle production. The number concentrations of particles with dry diameter less than similar to 1 mu m decreased substantially as the seawater temperature was increased from -1.3 degrees C to similar to 9 degrees C. With further increase in seawater temperature (up to 30 degrees C), a small increase in the number concentration of larger particles (dry diameter >similar to 0.3 mu m) was observed. Based on these observations, we infer that as seawater temperature increases, the process of bubble fragmentation changes, resulting in decreased air entrainment by the plunging jet, as well as the number of bubbles with film radius smaller than 2 mm. This again results in decreased particle production with increasing seawater temperature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, no 14, 9052-9072 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-107437DOI: 10.1002/2013JD021376ISI: 000340402800031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-107437DiVA: diva2:747837