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In vivo levels of mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide increase with age in mtDNA mutator mice
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2915-6450
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2014 (English)In: Aging Cell, ISSN 1474-9718, E-ISSN 1474-9726, Vol. 13, no 4, 765-768 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In mtDNA mutator mice, mtDNA mutations accumulate leading to a rapidly aging phenotype. However, there is little evidence of oxidative damage to tissues, and when analyzed ex vivo, no change in production of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide and hydrogen peroxide by mitochondria has been reported, undermining the mitochondrial oxidative damage theory of aging. Paradoxically, interventions that decrease mitochondrial ROS levels in vivo delay onset of aging. To reconcile these findings, we used the mitochondria-targeted mass spectrometry probe MitoB to measure hydrogen peroxide within mitochondria of living mice. Mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide was the same in young mutator and control mice, but as the mutator mice aged, hydrogen peroxide increased. This suggests that the prolonged presence of mtDNA mutations in vivo increases hydrogen peroxide that contributes to an accelerated aging phenotype, perhaps through the activation of pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory redox signaling pathways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 13, no 4, 765-768 p.
Keyword [en]
hydrogen peroxide, MitoB, mitochondria, mitochondrial DNA, mtDNA mutator mice
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-107428DOI: 10.1111/acel.12212ISI: 000340417100021OAI: diva2:748400


Available from: 2014-09-19 Created: 2014-09-15 Last updated: 2014-09-19Bibliographically approved

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Shabalina, Irina G.Kalinovich, Anastasia V.Hartley, Richard C.Cannon, Barbara
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Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute
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