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Winners and Losers in Marine Conservation: Fishers' Displacement and Livelihood Benefits from Marine Reserves
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.
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2014 (English)In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 27, no 9, 994-1005 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Marine reserves can create both benefits and costs to fishers. This article explores the perceptions of fishers in Kenya and Seychelles about displacement, spillover, and overall impacts of local marine reserves on their livelihoods. We test whether these perceptions are different among fishers from different geographic and socioeconomic conditions. Sixty-six percent of fishers had been displaced from marine reserves or coastal development and 90% believed they had caught fishes that spilled over from marine reserves. Poorer fishers in Kenya were both displaced from, and also felt like they benefited from, marine reserves. This highlights how people's experiences with marine reserves, both positive and negative, are affected by a range of social considerations that may not be incorporated in typical evaluations of ecological and economic marine reserve success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 27, no 9, 994-1005 p.
Keyword [en]
coral reef, marine reserve, protected areas, small-scale fishery, social impacts, social-ecological system, socioeconomic
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-107575DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2014.918229ISI: 000340453700007OAI: diva2:748690


Available from: 2014-09-21 Created: 2014-09-20 Last updated: 2014-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Daw, Tim
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Stockholm Resilience Centre
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