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Synchronous records of pCO(2) and Delta C-14 suggest rapid, ocean-derived pCO(2) fluctuations at the onset of Younger Dryas
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
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2014 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 99, 84-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Just before the onset of the Younger Dryas (YD) cold event, several stomatal proxy-based pCO(2) records have shown a sharp increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration (pCO(2)) of between ca 50 and 100 ppm, followed by a rapid decrease of similar or even larger magnitude. Here we compare one of these records, a high-resolution pCO(2) record from southern Sweden, with the IntCal13 record of radiocarbon (Delta C-14). The two records show broadly synchronous fluctuations at the YD onset. Specifically, the IntCal13 record documents decreasing Delta C-14 just before the YD onset when pCO(2) peaks, consistent with a source of old CO2 from the deep ocean. We propose that this fluctuation occurred due to a major ocean flushing event. The cause of the flushing event remains speculative but could be related to the hypothesis of the glacial ocean as a thermobaric capacitor. We confirm that the earth system can produce such large multi-decadal timescale fluctuations in pCO(2) through simulating an artificial ocean flushing event with the GENIE Earth System Model. We suggest that sharp transitions of pCO(2) may have remained undetected so far in ice cores due to inter-firn gas exchange and time-averaging. The stomatal proxy record is a powerful complement to the ice core records for the study of rapid climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 99, 84-96 p.
Keyword [en]
Palaeo-CO2 concentrations, Rapid climate change, Stomatal proxy, Radiocarbon, Younger Dryas, Lateglacial, Ocean flushing event, GENIE Earth System Model
National Category
Geology Physical Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-107616DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.021ISI: 000340980100007OAI: diva2:749956


Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-22 Last updated: 2014-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Steinthorsdottir, Margretde Boer, Agatha M.Muschitiello, FrancescoWohlfarth, Barbara
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