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Language ideology and shifting representations of linguistic threats: a Bourdieusian re-reading of the conceptual history of domain loss in Sweden’s field of language planning
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3997-1149
2014 (English)In: English in Nordic Universities: Ideologies and Practices / [ed] Anna Kristina Hultgren, Frans Gregersen, Jacob Thøgersen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, 83-110 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter presents a sociological account of the language ideological representations underpinning discourses about perceived threats from English in Sweden. The objective is to contextualize the conceptual history of “domain loss” within Sweden’s field of language planning, in conjunction with crossing discourses about minority languages and EU membership. With Bourdieu, the safeguarding of Swedish is comprehended as linked to struggles where the role of the nation-state is set in flux, opening up linguistic markets beyond its control. As a product of the relation between agents’ habitus and the field, domain loss has served to legitimize discourses about the disestablishment of the national language regime, which is interpreted as a strategy to defend the market into which agents have invested capital. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014. 83-110 p.
Series
Studies in world language problems, ISSN 1572-1183 ; 5
Keyword [en]
field, language planning, domain loss, language ideology, indexicality
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Languages and Literature
Research subject
Bilingualism
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108299DOI: 10.1075/wlp.5.04salISBN: 9789027228369 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108299DiVA: diva2:756719
Available from: 2014-10-18 Created: 2014-10-18 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Languages and Linguistic Exchanges in Swedish Academia: Practices, Processes, and Globalizing Markets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Languages and Linguistic Exchanges in Swedish Academia: Practices, Processes, and Globalizing Markets
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Based on four separate studies, this thesis deals with Swedish academia and its dwellers, with an eye toward accounting for matters of languages and linguistic exchanges. The perspectives and thinking-tools of Pierre Bourdieu form the basis of the main leitmotif, albeit extended with insights from linguistic anthropology and sociolinguistics. Methods employed include historical analysis as well as ethnographic approaches. Study 1 analyzes the historical events and language ideological labor through which English has come to be seen as a sociolinguistic problem in Swedish language planning and policy (LPP). At the focus is the notion of ‘domain loss,’ which is interpreted as a resource in the struggle to safeguard the Swedish language. Study 2 deals with the increasing importance of English in academic publishing in two disciplinary fields of Swedish academia: history and psychology. In history, in particular, English and the transnational publishing markets it bargains currently seem to offer new ways of advancing in the competition of the field, which is encouraged by the will and ensuing managerial techniques of contemporary research policy. Study 3, however, shows that this fact does not entail that Swedish is not being used as a scientific language. In the research practices preceding finalized texts in English, Swedish-speaking researchers in physics and computer science use technical and discipline-specific Swedish both orally and in writing. The principle that upholds the logic of ‘Swedish among Swedish-speakers’ is crucial also with respect to the ability of Swedish researchers to write up scientific texts in Swedish. Exploring the writing practices of a computer scientist and his successful first-time performance of two scientific texts in Swedish, study 4 shows that texts in Swedish can be produced by assembling experiences from previous discursive encounters throughout a researcher’s biographically specific discursive history. In summary, the thesis argues that while English increasingly prevails in publishing, much knowledge previously produced and reproduced on these matters within the field of LPP has tended to overstate the dominance of English, and with that, the sociolinguistic implications of the current state of affairs. The thesis proposes that Bourdieu’s work offers some purchase in attempts to engender in-depth knowledge on the position of English vis-à-vis Swedish in the globalizing markets of Swedish academia, and that epistemic reflexivity, in particular, is a pivotal driver in such an agenda. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Stockholm University, 2016. 114 p.
Series
Dissertations in Bilingualism, ISSN 1400-5921 ; 26
Keyword
English in Sweden, language planning and policy, epistemic reflexivity, language ideology, entextualization, Bourdieu, habitus, field
National Category
Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Bilingualism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127179 (URN)978-91-7649-326-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-04-26, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript.

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-02-26 Last updated: 2017-02-24Bibliographically approved

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