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Påtvingad avflyttning från bostad: En rättssociologisk studie av socialtjänstens roll i teori och praktik
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Forced move-outs from housing : A study of the social services' role in  theory and practice (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to analyse what the law is in social services work with people at risk of a forced move-out from a rented apartment. When processing an application for financial aid when a client is at risk of a forced move-out from a home, a discretionary interpretation of the criteria in the Social Services Act is assumed. The legal norm belt constituting the social services role in theory typically makes up the limits of the discretionary space. However, different workplace norms may also have significant influence on the discretionary space around the provision of assistance. Such standards emerging from expressions in local policies (municipal guidelines) and procedures, and interactions with managers, colleagues and clients, are shaping the role of social services in practice. On top of this, differing standards regarding the role of law may have an impact.

Key conclusions of the study are: (1) In the vast majority of landlord applications to the enforcement authorities, financial assistance from the social services had no bearing on the outcome of the case.  (2) The rental law sometimes has a decisive influence over what is and can be the law in social services’ work for clients at risk of a forced move-out due to payment difficulties. ((3) There is a relatively high degree of consistency between norms in legal materials and different workplace standards. (4) Most of the standards identified in legal material and in social work practice have been categorized as related to either need or behaviour. Generally, it is concluded that need-related norms sometimes strongly imply protection not only for an existing home, but also for individual housing needs in general. In contrast, behaviour-related norms imply indifference in relation to not only an existing home but sometimes also to the applicant’s housing needs in general. These conditions create tensions in the social services’ decision-making and confusion about the aim of the individual needs assessment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Social Work, Stockholm University , 2014. , 168 p.
Series
Rapport i socialt arbete, ISSN 0281-6288 ; 146
Keyword [en]
Social Services Act, Rental Act, social work, financial assistance, eviction, move-out, rent arrear, discretion, decision-making
Keyword [sv]
socialtjänst, socialt arbete, socialtjänstlag, ekonomiskt bistånd, vräkning, påtvingad avflyttning, diskretion, skön, hyresskuld
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108451ISBN: 978-91-637-3214-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108451DiVA: diva2:758448
Public defence
2014-11-28, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveavägen 160, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-11-06 Created: 2014-10-27 Last updated: 2014-11-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Socialtjänstens hyresrättsliga roller vid risk för påtvingad avflyttning från bostad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socialtjänstens hyresrättsliga roller vid risk för påtvingad avflyttning från bostad
2013 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, 13-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101269 (URN)
Projects
Vad är "rätt" i socialt arbete vid risk för vräkning.
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Socialrättsliga principer vid risk för vräkning: finns det i Sverige en rätt till boende, bostad eller ett hem?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socialrättsliga principer vid risk för vräkning: finns det i Sverige en rätt till boende, bostad eller ett hem?
2011 (Swedish)In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, no 2, 273-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att fördjupa förståelsen för tolkningssvårigheter i det socialrättsliga beslutsfattandet vid tillämpning av lagstiftning som innefattar många olika principer. Den som undersöks är vilka socialrättsliga principer som aktualiseras när enskilda till följd av hyresskulder riskerar att vräkas från sin bostad. Vidare analyseras möjliga principkonflikter, i den nyss nämnda situationen.

National Category
Social Work Law and Society
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64910 (URN)
Projects
Vad är "rätt" i socialtjänstens arbete med vräkningshotade klienter?
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
3. Rättssäkerhet och flexibilitet i kommunala riktlinjer för ekonomiskt bistånd
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rättssäkerhet och flexibilitet i kommunala riktlinjer för ekonomiskt bistånd
2009 (Swedish)In: Retfaerd: nordisk juridisk tidskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 32, no 4/127, 80-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Kommunala riktlinjer har enligt tidigare forskning stort inflytande över beslutsfattandet i svenska kommuner i jämförelse med lagstiftning. I studien undersöks olika uppfattningar om vad som bör ges betydelse vid bedömning av bistånd till hyresskuld, enligt kommunala riktlinjker i Stockholms län. Konsekvenser av variationer i riktlinjerna diskuteras därefter i relation till Socialtjänstlagens (2001: 452) (SoL) innehåll, grundläggande rättssäkerhetskrav samt det i SoL underliggande kravet på flexibilitet vid utformning av insatser.

Abstract [en]

Municipal guidelines have, according to earlier research great impact on decision-making within the socialservices in Swedish municipalities in comparison to trditional legal sources. In the study different ideas of what is considered to be of significant importance in municipal guidelines, in relation ti social assistance regarding rental debts are examined. A qualitative research method was employed and the result was analyzed in relation to the legal concept "rule of law" and the underlying demand for flexibility in the Social Services Act (2001:453). Three different mutually excluding ideas where identified in the material which raised questions concerning "rule of law" and equal treatment before the law in swedish minicipalities.

Keyword
Municipal guidelines, rental debts, the SocialServices, rule of law, flexibility, sociology of law, Kommunala riktlinjer, hyresskulder, socialtjänsten, rättsssäkerhet, flexibilitet, fenomenografi
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48315 (URN)
Projects
Vad är "rätt" i socialtjänstens arbete med vräkningshotade medborgare?
Available from: 2010-12-07 Created: 2010-12-07 Last updated: 2014-10-28Bibliographically approved
4. Ekonomiskt bistånd till hyresskulder
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ekonomiskt bistånd till hyresskulder
(Swedish)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Socialtjänst, socialtjänstlag, hyresslag, hyresskulder, normer, diskretion
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108483 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-28 Created: 2014-10-28 Last updated: 2014-10-30

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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Output format
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