Developmental pathways to smoking cessation
2014 (English)In: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, Vol. 14, no 2, 96-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose – To a great extent research about smoking cessation has focussed on effects from different support programs and means, in spite of that several studies have shown that over 90 percent quit smoking without such help. Factors that are important for the individual in the process from being a smoker to becoming smoke-free is less examined and also how these factors interact. The purpose of this paper is to describe typical careers or pathways that end up with a successful smoking cessation.
Design/methodology/approach – Respondents were recruited during Oct 2009-May 2010 via screening-questions in the so-called Monitor – project. By the turn of each month 1,500 individuals, aged 16-84, from a representative sample in the Swedish population, were interviewed via telephone. Respondents who stated being previous daily smokers, but smoke-free for at least 12 months, and agreed to participate were asked to answer a postal survey (n=¼1,683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life. The analyses of data included the linking of individuals between different states in the stages toward becoming smoke-free.
Findings – Several typical pathways were described and respondents with more severe smoking habits followed different pathways than individuals with milder problems. Nicotine replacement therapys or Swedish smoke-free tobacco was not found to be a component in any of the typical pathways.
Originality/value – Smoking cessation is a heterogeneous phenomenon and individuals can follow several pathways to become smoke-free, therefore this study adds to a more nuanced picture of smoking cessation and also expands the knowledge concerning smoking cessation in individual long-term processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 14, no 2, 96-106 p.
cluster analysis, process, pathways, smoke-free, smoking cessation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108480DOI: 10.1108/DAT-11-2013-0046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108480DiVA: diva2:758911
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 140 67 02