Rights of nature and the indigenous peoples in Bolivia and Ecuador: A Straitjacket for Progressive Development Politics?
2014 (English)In: Revista iberoamericana de estudios de desarrollo / Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies, E-ISSN 2254-2035, Vol. 3, no 2, 148-173 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Is it possible to justify resource extractivism to provide progressive welfare politics and still respect the constitutional rights of nature? The Indigenous concept of Sumak Kawsay on human beings living in harmony with each other and the environment is the fundamental framing of the new constitutions of Ecuador and Bolivia. These constitutional reforms embrace strengthened proper rights of nature and similarly of ethnic rights. However, the same constitutions grant the State the right to exploit and commercialize natural resources and extractivism has increased. This study revises the tensions between welfare politics, extractivism and the rights of nature and the Indigenous peoples in the new constitutional settings of Bolivia and, particularly, Ecuador. The article argues that Sumak Kawsay challenges dominating understandings of theconcepts of welfare, common good and development, and likewise that a pragmatic approach is applied by national governments towards the constitutional rights of nature amidst other human values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 3, no 2, 148-173 p.
Bolivia, Ecuador, development politics, environmentalism, rights of nature and the indigenous peoples, Sumak Kawsay.
Bolivia, Ecuador, ambientalismo, derechos de la naturaleza y los pueblos indígenas, desarrollo, Sumak Kawsay.
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject Sociology; Environmental Law; Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108843OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108843DiVA: diva2:760841
ProjectsRights of Nature- Nature of Rights. Neo-Constitutionalism and Ethno-Ecologist Resistance in Bolivia and Ecuador, support by FORMAS (Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning) for the period 2013-2016.