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Preparation, Structure, and Orientation of Pyrite FeS2{100} Surfaces: Anisotropy, Sulfur Monomers, Dimer Vacancies, and a Possible FeS Surface Phase
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA.
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2014 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 118, no 38, 21896-21903 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sulfur dimer (S-2(2-)) terminated pyrite FeS2{100} surfaces with a low energy electron diffraction (LEED) pattern of 2 x 1 symmetry are reported. The 2 X 1 symmetry correlates with the orientation of the anisotropic surface structure and external symmetry of macroscopic striations on the pyrite cube face. The basic condition to form these surfaces is a mild 200 V Ne+ sputter-cleaning procedure followed by a 570 K anneal of the sample in a 10(-7) Ton S-2(g) atmosphere. Controlled amounts of surface sulfur monomers (S2-) can be introduced by mild sputtering of the sulfur dimer terminated surfaces. At low monomer concentrations the surface displays the same characteristic 1 x 1 LEED pattern as that for fracture-generated surfaces. With increasing sulfur depletion, a (1/ root 2 x 1/ root 2)R45 degrees LEED pattern emerges, and soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results show a sulfur dinner deficient near-surface region and a new high binding energy sulfur spectral component suggesting the presence of local coordination environments where sulfur monomers are coordinated by four Fe ions compared to three as in the pyrite structure. The plausible formation of a defective FeS-like surface phase where monomeric sulfurs are coordinated by four Fe ions, and bond counting energetics favoring surface sulfur monomer recombination around Fe vacancy sites on pyrite FeS2{100}, both imply surface sulfur dimer vacancy sites with unique adsorption and reactivity properties. Taken together, our results suggest a very rich and dynamic defect structural landscape at pyrite FeS2{100} surfaces with direct implications for its surface chemical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 118, no 38, 21896-21903 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108718DOI: 10.1021/jp5005924ISI: 000342396300019OAI: diva2:761017


Available from: 2014-11-05 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2014-11-05Bibliographically approved

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