Job insecurity climate perceptions: Scale validation and a qualitative exploration
2012 (English)In: Book of Proceedings: 10th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology / [ed] Jain, A., Hollis, D., Andreou, N., Wehrle, F., Nottingham: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2012, 32-33 p.Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Background: Job insecurity is a modern work stressor negatively affecting work attitudes, wellbeing and the health of employees worldwide. It has mainly been investigated as an individual level phenomenon, but drawing on the theoretical framework of social cognitive theory, it could be argued that job insecurity is also a social phenomenon. Behavioral, cognitive or other person-related factors as well as contextual factors interact in a reciprocal relationship, and shape individuals’ perceptions and interpretations of organizational events. Shared perceptions of job insecurity could be referred to as a job insecurity climate (Sora, Caballer, Peiró, & De Witte, 2009). However, it is not yet clear how job insecurity climate should be conceptualized. The multiple operationalizations of climate constructs found in organizational research, along with methodological concerns, motivates a study on the concept of job insecurity climate.
(1) A qualitative exploration the job insecurity climate construct
(2) A validation study of a newly developed measure of job insecurity climate
Methods: Interviews were conducted with job insecure informants and informants working in organizations undergoing organizational change and who could be expected to experience some degree of job insecurity. Their participation was secured through snowball sampling, and a thematic analysis was conducted on the transcribed interviews. Further, questionnaire items for measuring job insecurity climate were developed, and data is currently being collected. The data collection will be finalized late November 2011.
Results/relevance: Preliminary results of the interview study gave an indication of how the job insecurity climate construct can be conceptualized. The thematic analysis revealed that the whole organization needs not be the social unit of a climate. The job insecure climate could rather be ascribed to specific groups, like for instance a group of professionals (e.g. computer technicians), a demographic group (e.g. female doctoral students), or a geographically defined unit (e.g. a branch office of a company). Depending on the focus of the study, job insecurity climate could be conceptualized either as a psychological climate or as an organizational climate. The validation of the questionnaire items will contribute further to our understanding of the job insecurity climate construct.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nottingham: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2012. 32-33 p.
job insecurity, climate perceptions
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108859ISBN: 978-0-9554365-9-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108859DiVA: diva2:761063
10th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 11-13 April, 2012, ETH Zürich, Switzerland