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The Chironomus tentans genome sequence and the organization of the Balbiani ring genes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab). Uppsala University, Sweden.
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2014 (English)In: BMC Genomics, ISSN 1471-2164, E-ISSN 1471-2164, Vol. 15, 819- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The polytene nuclei of the dipteran Chironomus tentans (Ch. tentans) with their Balbiani ring (BR) genes constitute an exceptional model system for studies of the expression of endogenous eukaryotic genes. Here, we report the first draft genome of Ch. tentans and characterize its gene expression machineries and genomic architecture of the BR genes. Results: The genome of Ch. tentans is approximately 200 Mb in size, and has a low GC content (31%) and a low repeat fraction (15%) compared to other Dipteran species. Phylogenetic inference revealed that Ch. tentans is a sister clade to mosquitoes, with a split 150-250 million years ago. To characterize the Ch. tentans gene expression machineries, we identified potential orthologus sequences to more than 600 Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster) proteins involved in the expression of protein-coding genes. We report novel data on the organization of the BR gene loci, including a novel putative BR gene, and we present a model for the organization of chromatin bundles in the BR2 puff based on genic and intergenic in situ hybridizations. Conclusions: We show that the molecular machineries operating in gene expression are largely conserved between Ch. tentans and D. melanogaster, and we provide enhanced insight into the organization and expression of the BR genes. Our data strengthen the generality of the BR genes as a unique model system and provide essential background for in-depth studies of the biogenesis of messenger ribonucleoprotein complexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, 819- p.
Keyword [en]
Eukaryotic gene expression, Model organisms, Balbiani ring genes, Chromosome puffs
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108715DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-819ISI: 000342590400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108715DiVA: diva2:761641
Note

AuthorCount:9;

Available from: 2014-11-07 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Svensson, ThomasBjörk, PetraSonnhammer, ErikVisa, NeusWieslander, Lars
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Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren InstituteDepartment of Biochemistry and BiophysicsScience for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab)
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