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Conservation Success as a Function of Good Alignment of Social and Ecological Structures and Processes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8218-1153
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
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2014 (English)In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 28, no 5, 1371-1379 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How to create and adjust governing institutions so that they align (fit) with complex ecosystem processes and structures across scales is an issue of increasing concern in conservation. It is argued that lack of such social-ecological fit makes governance and conservation difficult, yet progress in explicitly defining and rigorously testing what constitutes a good fit has been limited. We used a novel modeling approach and data from case studies of fishery and forest conservation to empirically test presumed relationships between conservation outcomes and certain patterns of alignment of social-ecological interdependences. Our approach made it possible to analyze conservation outcome on a systems level while also providing information on how individual actors are positioned in the complex web of social-ecological interdependencies. We found that when actors who shared resources were also socially linked, conservation at the level of the whole social-ecological system was positively affected. When the scales at which individual actors used resources and the scale at which ecological resources were interconnected to other ecological resources were aligned through tightened feedback loops, conservation outcome was better than when they were not aligned. The analysis of individual actors' positions in the web of social-ecological interdependencies was helpful in understanding why a system has a certain level of social-ecological fit. Results of analysis of positions showed that different actors contributed in very different ways to achieve a certain fit and revealed some underlying difference between the actors, for example in terms of actors' varying rights to access and use different ecological resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 28, no 5, 1371-1379 p.
Keyword [en]
common pool resource management, environmental governance, scale mismatch, social-ecological fit, social-ecological systems
National Category
Biological Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108709DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12306ISI: 000342668700026OAI: diva2:761780


Available from: 2014-11-07 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2014-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Bodin, ÖrjanCrona, BeatriceThyresson, MatildaGolz, Anna-leaTengö, Maria
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Stockholm Resilience CentreDepartment of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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Conservation Biology
Biological SciencesEarth and Related Environmental Sciences

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