Species Richness and Assemblages in Landscapes of Different Farming Intensity - Time to Revise Conservation Strategies?
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 10, e109816- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Worldwide conservation goals to protect biodiversity emphasize the need to rethink which objectives are most suitable for different landscapes. Comparing two different Swedish farming landscapes, we used survey data on birds and vascular plants to test whether landscapes with large, intensively managed farms had lower richness and diversity of the two taxa than landscapes with less intensively managed small farms, and if they differed in species composition. Landscapes with large intensively managed farms did not have lower richness than smaller low intensively managed farms. The landscape types were also similar in that they had few red listed species, normally targeted in conservation. Differences in species composition demonstrate that by having both types of agricultural landscapes regional diversity is increased, which is seldom captured in the objectives for agro-environmental policies. Thus we argue that focus on species richness or red listed species would miss the actual diversity found in the two landscape types. Biodiversity conservation, especially in production landscapes, would therefore benefit from a hierarchy of local to regional objectives with explicit targets in terms of which aspects of biodiversity to focus on.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 10, e109816- p.
Biological Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108706DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109816ISI: 000342591500114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108706DiVA: diva2:761787