Protein kinase A-mediated cell proliferation in brown preadipocytes is independent of Erk1/2, PI3K and mTOR
2014 (English)In: Experimental Cell Research, ISSN 0014-4827, E-ISSN 1090-2422, Vol. 328, no 1, 143-155 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The physiological agonist norepinephrine promotes cell proliferation of brown preadipocytes during the process of tissue recruitment. In a primary culture system, CAMP mediates these adrenergic effects. In the present study, we demonstrated that, in contrast to other systems where the mitogenic effect of cAMP requires the synergistic action of (serum) growth factors, especially insulin/IGF, the cAMP effect in brown preadipocytes was independent of serum and insulin. Protein kinase A, rather than Epac, mediated the cAMP mitogenic effect. The Erk 1/2 family of MAPK, the PI3K system and the mTOR complexes were all activated by cAMP, but these activations were not necessary for cAMP-induced cell proliferation; a protein kinase C isoform may be involved in mediating cAMP-activated cell proliferation. We conclude that the generally acknowledged cellular mediators for induction of cell proliferation are not involved in this process in the brown preadipocyte system; this conclusion may be of relevance both for examination of mechanisms for induction of brown adipose tissue recruitment but also for understanding the mechanism behind e.g. certain endocrine neoplasias.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 328, no 1, 143-155 p.
Brown adipose tissue, Cell proliferation, Adrenergic effects, cAMP, Protein kinase A, Erk 1/2, PI3K, mTOR
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108704DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.07.029ISI: 000342540100011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108704DiVA: diva2:761941