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Des despotes et des opprimés dans les romans de Ğamāl al-Ġītānī
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
2014 (French)In: Arabica, ISSN 0570-5398, E-ISSN 1570-0585, Vol. 61, no 6, 664-696 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [fr]

L’article porte sur les trois romans suivants de Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī: al-Zaynī Barakāt (1971),Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī (1976) et Ḥikāyat al-muʾassasa (1997) dans le but d’analyser la lecture que l’auteur fait du despotisme et de la révolte du peuple contre ce pouvoir. Les histoires racontées dans ces trois romans se déroulent dans des contextes différents, respectivement politique, religieux et économique. La première partie de l’article aborde les aspects formels de ces récits, à savoir leur structure et les stratégies énonciatives mises en oeuvre, ces aspects permettant de comprendre comment les différentes thématiques sont présentées. La deuxième partie analyse les portraits des despotes et leur mode d’action, la manière dont la relation entre oppresseur et opprimés est construite et les moyens utilisés par le despote pour contrôler la population. La troisième et dernière partie est, elle, consacrée à l’analyse de la représentation des opprimés, à celle de leur révolte contre le pouvoir ainsi qu’à celle des résultats auxquels cette révolte aboutit. La conclusion, enfin, précise la place occupée par al-Ġīṭānī dans la tradition romanesque égyptienne et rend compte du contexte historique dans lequel son traitement du despotisme s’inscrit.

Abstract [en]

This article focuses on the three following novels by Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī: al-Zaynī Barakāt (1971), Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī (1976) and Ḥikāyat al-muʾassasa (1997). It aims to discuss the author’s handling of despotism and the popular revolt against it. The eventsin the three novels occur in different contexts: political, religious and economical. The first part of the article is a discussion of the formal aspects of the novels, namely theirstructure, their techniques of enunciation and other devices which show how the various themes of the novels are presented. The second part is an analysis of the portrayals of the despots and how they act, the basis on which the relation between the oppressor and the oppressed persons is built and the methods used by the despot to control the population. The third and last part is a study of the representation of the oppressed persons, their revolt against the power and the results which that revolt achieves.Finally, the conclusion of the article sheds light on the place of al-Ġīṭānī on the scene of Egyptian novel, and on the historical context in which his vision of despotism could be placed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014. Vol. 61, no 6, 664-696 p.
Keyword [fr]
Littérature arabe, despotisme, Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī, roman, révolte
National Category
Specific Literatures
Research subject
Arabic
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109098DOI: 10.1163/15700585-12341317ISI: 000347421100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-109098DiVA: diva2:762670
Available from: 2014-11-12 Created: 2014-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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