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Attachment, religiousness, and distress among the religious and spiritual links between religious syncretism and compensation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Göteborgs universitet.
Uppsala Universitet.
2014 (English)In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 17, no 7, 726-740 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using the Adult Attachment Interview, we explored differences in attachment, distress, and religiousness among groups of traditionally religious, New Age spiritual, and religiously syncretistic (high on both) participants (Ps) (N = 75). Religiously syncretistic Ps showed a preponderance of insecure attachment and were raised by non-religious parents, who were estimated as relatively insensitive. Moreover, religiously syncretistic Ps perceived a personal relationship with God and had experienced increased religiousness/spirituality during difficult life periods, but did not suffer elevated distress. New Agers often mirrored the religiously syncretistic, but had a more even secure–insecure attachment distribution, typically did not perceive a personal relationship with God, and did suffer elevated distress. Traditionally religious Ps were low on distress and raised by religious parents, estimated as relatively sensitive. We conclude that religious syncretism may often express religion/spirituality as compensation. Finally, we speculate that a perceived relationship with God may attenuate distress among those at risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2014. Vol. 17, no 7, 726-740 p.
Keyword [en]
Adult Attachment Interview, religion, spirituality, New Age, religious syncretism
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109773DOI: 10.1080/13674676.2014.906394OAI: diva2:767205
Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2014-12-01 Last updated: 2014-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Granqvist, Pehr
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