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Patterns of concurrent alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use in Germany: prevalence and correlates
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
2014 (English)In: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370, Vol. 21, no 2, 102-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study investigated past month patternsand risk factors of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis useby level of intensity in the German generalpopulation. Methods: Data from the 2006 GermanEpidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (ESA)were used. The cross-sectional random sampleconsisted of N¼7912 adults aged 18–64 years. Theresponse rate was 45%. Intensive use of eachsubstance was measured applying substance-specificcut-off points: alcohol: 420/30 g pure ethanol dailyfor women/men; tobacco: 20 cigarettes daily;cannabis: on 6 occasions monthly. Findings: The majority of substance users reportedno intensive use of any of the three substances(77.5%) and 19.4% had used one of the threesubstances intensively. A total of 3.1% engaged inintensive use of multiple substances with alcohol andtobacco (2.3%) as the most prevalent pattern. Ahigher risk for intensive use of multiple substanceswas found among males, older individuals and thosewith a substance use disorder. Conclusions: Results of this study call for anintegrated view on substance use and relateddisorders in prevention and treatment, takingdiverse use patterns and specific needs of substanceabusers into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Informa Healthcare, 2014. Vol. 21, no 2, 102-109 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109922DOI: 10.3109/09687637.2013.812614OAI: diva2:767643
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2014-12-02Bibliographically approved

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Kraus, Ludwig
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