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Cohort changes in educational disparities in smoking: France, Germany and the United States
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2015 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 127, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the evolution of educational disparities in smoking uptake across cohorts for menand women in three countries. Nationally representative surveys of adults in France, Germany and theUnited States in 2009e2010 include retrospective measures of age of uptake that are compared for threecohorts (born 1946e1960, 1961e1975, and 1976e1992). Discrete logistic regressions and a relativemeasure of education are used to model smoking histories until age 34. The following patterns are found:a strengthening of educational disparities in the timing of uptake from older to younger cohorts; anearlier occurrence of the strengthening for men than women and for the United States than France orGermany; a faster pace of the epidemic in France than in the United States, and; a divide between thehighest level of education and the others in the United States, as opposed to a gradient across categoriesin France. Those differences in smoking disparities across cohorts, genders and countries help identifythe national and temporal circumstances that shape the size and direction of the relationship betweeneducation and health and the need for policies that target educational disparities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 127, 41-50 p.
Keyword [en]
Cohort, gender, education, smoking, tobacco epidemic, France, USA, Germany
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109930DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.033ISI: 000350074800005OAI: diva2:767695
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2015-04-07Bibliographically approved

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Kraus, Ludwig
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Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD)
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