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Prevalence of and potential influencing factors for alcohol dependence in Europe
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2015 (English)In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 21, no 1, 6-18 p.Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs), and alcohol dependence (AD)in particular, are prevalent and associated with a large burdenof disability and mortality. The aim of this study wasto estimate prevalence of AD in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland for the year 2010, and toinvestigate potential influencing factors. The 1-year prevalenceof AD in the EU was estimated at 3.4% among people18–64 years of age in Europe (women 1.7%, men 5.2%), resultingin close to 11 million affected people. Taking into accountall people of all ages, AD, abuse and harmful use resultedin an estimate of 23 million affected people. Prevalenceof AD varied widely between European countries, andwas significantly impacted by drinking cultures and socialnorms. Correlations with level of drinking and other drinking variables and with major known outcomes of heavy drinking,such as liver cirrhosis or injury, were moderate. Theseresults suggest a need to rethink the definition of AUDs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 1, 6-18 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcohol, alcohol dependence, alcohol use disorders, heavy drinking, prevalence, liver cirrhosis, injury, Europe
National Category
Sociology Substance Abuse
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109931DOI: 10.1159/000365284ISI: 000346236400002OAI: diva2:767715
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2015-01-19Bibliographically approved

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Kraus, Ludwig
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Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD)
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