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Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
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2014 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 795, no 1, 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hydromagnetic turbulence affects the evolution of large-scale magnetic fields through mean-field effects like turbulent diffusion and the alpha effect. For stronger fields, these effects are usually suppressed or quenched, and additional anisotropies are introduced. Using different variants of the test-fieldmethod, we determine the quenching of the turbulent transport coefficients for the forced Roberts flow, isotropically forced non-helical turbulence, and rotating thermal convection. We see significant quenching only when the mean magnetic field is larger than the equipartition value of the turbulence. Expressing the magnetic field in terms of the equipartition value of the quenched flows, we obtain for the quenching exponents of the turbulent magnetic diffusivity about 1.3, 1.1, and 1.3 for Roberts flow, forced turbulence, and convection, respectively. However, when the magnetic field is expressed in terms of the equipartition value of the unquenched flows, these quenching exponents become about 4, 1.5, and 2.3, respectively. For the alpha effect, the exponent is about 1.3 for the Roberts flow and 2 for convection in the first case, but 4 and 3, respectively, in the second. In convection, the quenching of turbulent pumping follows the same power law as turbulent diffusion, while for the coefficient describing the Omega x J effect nearly the same quenching exponent is obtained as for alpha. For forced turbulence, turbulent diffusion proportional to the second derivative along the mean magnetic field is quenched much less, especially for larger values of the magnetic Reynolds number. However, we find that in corresponding axisymmetric mean-field dynamos with dominant toroidal field the quenched diffusion coefficients are the same for the poloidal and toroidal field constituents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 795, no 1, 16
Keyword [en]
convection, diffusion, dynamo, magnetic fields, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), turbulence
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109963DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/795/1/16ISI: 000343857300016OAI: diva2:769038


Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Brandenburg, Axel
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Department of AstronomyNordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita)
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