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How does Control at Work and at Home Relate to the Balance Between Work and Family for Woman and Men in Different Employment Grades?: Results from the Whitehall II Study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
University College London.
2014 (English)In: Book of Proceedings, 11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology: Looking at the past - planning for the future: capitalizing on OHP multidisciplinarity / [ed] Nicholas John Artin Andreou, Aditya Jain, David Hollis, Juliet Hassard and Kevin Teoh, Nottingham, UK: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2014, 281-281 p.Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Two domains of major importance for many individuals are the domains of work and family. These domains could put high demands on the individual and when these demands are in conflict there is a risk for negative health consequences (Allen et al., 2000; Amstad et al., 2011). However, research has also shown that the multiple roles of work and family could be a source of satisfaction (Öun, 2012). A major challenge is thus to identify factors that contribute to lessen the potential conflicts between work and family. Control at work has been shown to facilitate for employees to combine work and family (DiRenzo et al., 2011; Grzywacz & Butler, 2005; Thomas & Ganster, 1995; Voydanoff, 2004), but it is not clear if  control  at work relates to the possibility to combine work and family in the same way for women and men in different hierarchic  levels. In a similar vein, control at home could be beneficial for the work-family balance (Lapierre & Allen, 2012), but less is know about if control at home relates to the possibility to combine work and family differently depending on such as gender and socioeconomic status. The aim of this study is first to investigate how gender and employment grade are associated with work-family interference (WFI) and family-work interference (FWI) and  then to investigate how control at work and at home relate to WFI and FWI for women and men with different employment grades. Data from the Whitehall II study of British Civil servants 1991-1993 (phase 3) and 1997-1999 (phase 5)  were analysed. This included 3551 (841 women and 2710 men) in three non-industrial employment grades (administrative, executive/professional and clerical/support) with mean age 46.65 (SD: 4.79; range 39-62) who had complete data for all variables in the present study. Initial analyses suggests that there are gender differences and that control – both at home and at work – reduces the interference between work and family. Employees in higher grades do report more difficulties in combining work and family. Results of the interactions between gender, employment grade and control in relation to WFI and FWI are yet to be analysed. The results will add to the knowledge of how women and men in different employment grades can combine work and family and how control contributes to enable for employees to combine two important spheres of their lives; that of work and of family.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nottingham, UK: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology , 2014. 281-281 p.
Keyword [en]
work-family interference, gender, socioeconomic status, control
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110131ISBN: 978-0-9928786-1-0OAI: diva2:769440
11th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 14-16 April 2014, London, UK
Available from: 2014-12-08 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2015-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Falkenberg, Helena
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