Globalization and the National Embeddedness of Politics
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Departing from an organizational perspective and using the cases of Socialist International and four European trade unions, this paper illustrates why political parties and trade unions have difficulty acting globally. The analysis shows that international or transnational organizations for national parties or trade unions are established as meta-organizations, and herein lies the key to explaining their problems in becoming global actors. The national embeddedness of their members results in broad agendas and quests for national solutions, which divides and weakens leadership. In comparison, Amnesty International — a more successful global political organization — has quite the opposite organization, featuring a centralized leadership and a narrow agenda; nor does it work for the immediate interests of its members or find solutions to the issues it raises. The paper concludes that if this latter form of organization is necessary in global politics, there is little room for political parties and unions.
Globalization, politics, metaorganizations, unions, political internationals
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110307OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110307DiVA: diva2:770531