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A search for Population III galaxies in CLASH. I. Singly-imaged candidates at high redshift
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
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(English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Population III galaxies are predicted to exist at high redshifts and may be rendered sufficiently bright for detection with current telescopes when gravitationally lensed by a foreground galaxy cluster. Population III galaxies that exhibit strong Lyα emission should furthermore be identifiable from broadband photometry because of their unusual colors. Here, we report on a search for such objects at z > 6 in the imaging data from the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH), covering 25 galaxy clusters in 16 filters. Our selection algorithm returns five singly-imaged candidates with Lyα-like color signatures, for which ground-based spectroscopy with current 8-10 m class telescopes should be able to test the predicted strength of the Lyα line. None of these five objects have been included in previous CLASH compilations of high-redshift galaxy candidates. However, when large grids of spectral synthesis models are applied to the study of these objects, we find that only two of these candidates are significantly better fitted by Population III models than by more mundane, low-metallicity stellar populations.

Keyword [en]
Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Astronomy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110254DiVA: diva2:770551
Available from: 2014-12-10 Created: 2014-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-05
In thesis
1. Gravitational lensing as a probe of the first stars and galaxies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gravitational lensing as a probe of the first stars and galaxies
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the potential for detection and identification of primordial stars, galaxies, and supernovae at high redshift.

Simulations indicate that the first Population III stars should appear in minihalos of mass M = 105-106 Msol at z ≈ 10-30. To assess the detectability of these objects, theoretical models of these stars and their surrounding HII regions are used. We assess the plausibility of detection with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), using the gravitational lensing provided by the galaxy cluster MACSJ0717.5+3745. The conclusion is that the detection of these objects is highly improbable but not impossible.

To investigate the prospects of detecting and identifying the first galaxies, the spectral synthesis code Yggdrasil is introduced. According to this code, JWST may be able to detect Population III galaxies with stellar masses as low as 105 Msol at z ≈ 10 in unlensed fields. We find that, over limited redshift intervals, it could be possible to use Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and/or JWST broadband color criteria to single out Population III galaxy candidates.

The prospects of detecting gravitationally lensed Population III galaxies with JWST and HST is investigated. A lower limit to detect ≈1 Population III galaxy of ε ≈ 10-2 (HST/CLASH) and ε ≈ 10-3 (JWST using MACS J0717.5+3745 as lens) is derived, where ε is the baryon fraction converted to Population III stars in a host halo.

By fitting HST/CLASH data to Yggdrasil and comparison grids, two Population III galaxy candidates are discovered. These two candidates are the first Population III galaxy candidates discovered at z > 6.5. A highly-magnified and doubly lensed extremely high-redshift (z ≈ 7.8) object is also identified.

Finally the prospects of detecting core-collapse (CC) supernovae (SN) from the first galaxies at z ≈ 5-12 are investigated. The prediction is that no primordial SN is detectable, but 2-3 CC SN should be discovered by the HST/CLASH.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, 2015. 54 p.
Keyword
stars: Population III, first stars, Galaxies: high-redshift, Galaxies: Population III, dark ages, reionization, techniques: photometric
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Astronomy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110070 (URN)978-91-7649-068-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-01-30, FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Submitted. Paper 6: Submitted. Paper 7: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved

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http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014arXiv1411.5691R

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Rydberg, Claes-ErikZackrisson, ErikMelinder, JensAsadi, SagharGonzalez, JuanÖstlin, Göran
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