The English element in the 2012 Övide hoard, Eskelhem par., Gotland
2014 (English)In: Early medieval monetary history: Studies in memory of Mark Blackburn / [ed] Rory Naismith, Martin Allen, Elina Screen, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, 545-569 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
In 2012 a hoard with 712 coins was found at Övide, Gotland. With t.p.q.1131 it is the second latest Viking-Age hoard in Sweden. Besides an overview of the hoard the 142 English coins are listed in detail and they include a few previously unpublished coins. An analysis of the chronological composition of the coins reveals that they were accumulated during four generations (starting in the last decade of the tenth century), where each conributed very different amounts. The first generation accounts for the largest number of coins. The fourth generation contributed a fairly small coin element, but also silver in the form of a number of cut grivnas etc. from Russia, which amounts to more than half of the weight of the entire hoard. Like the Burge hoard from Gotland with t.p.q. 1143, it shows that a few decades into the twelwth century silver from Russia had become far more important than silver (coins) from Germany. This helps to explain why Gotland started a coinage of its own in the mid-twelwth century as small means of payments (that is German coins) were becoming increasingly difficult to obtain. The mumber of coin hoards on the island had started to decrease already in the late eleventh century which in part probably can be connected to the increasing costs for building churches.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Farnham: Ashgate, 2014. 545-569 p.
, Studies in Early Medieval Britain and Ireland
History and Archaeology
Research subject History; Archaeology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110485ISBN: 978-1-4094-5668-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110485DiVA: diva2:771774