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Comparison of specific biomarkers of internal dose and genotoxic effect after exposure to BP with the aim to use in risk assessment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Environmental Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Environmental Chemistry.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110482DiVA: diva2:772096
Available from: 2014-12-16 Created: 2014-12-15 Last updated: 2016-01-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Biomarkers of internal exposure/dose: Methods to quantify adducts to protein and DNA by LC/MS studied with benzo[a]pyrene and isocyanates
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biomarkers of internal exposure/dose: Methods to quantify adducts to protein and DNA by LC/MS studied with benzo[a]pyrene and isocyanates
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on methods for quantification by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) of specific biomarkers for internal dose of chemicals which induce toxicity through their electrophilic reactivity. In vivo such compounds are short-lived, and could feasibly be measured as their reaction products (adducts) with biomacromolecules. Analysis by MS methods of stable adducts offers the specificity and accuracy required to generate data on internal dose useful in risk estimation.

The primary aim was to develop a method for quantification by LC/MS of bulky adducts to serum albumin (SA) from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, using the genotoxic diolepoxide (DE) of benzo[a]pyrene (BP) as a model. A method for analysis of the BPDE adducts to His146 in SA was developed which is robust, easy-to-use, has good reproducibility and which reached a high sensitivity. A method for quantification of BPDE adducts to N2-deoxyguanosine (dG) in DNA by LC/MS was also established.

In mice exposed to BP, adducts to SA and DNA from stereoisomers of BPDE were identified and quantified. The adduct level was shown to be >400 times higher in DNA than in SA, which from an in vitro study could be concluded to mainly depend on a large difference in the rates of adduct formation to His in SA and to dG in DNA. BPDE adduct levels to SA and DNA, and a biomarker of genotoxic effect (frequency of micronuclei), were compared in BP-exposed mice. The results were used to evaluate how these methods could be used in procedures for cancer risk estimation.

An LC/MS method for analysis of valine hydantoins (VH) formed as adducts from isocyanates to N-termini in haemoglobin was established. VH, formed from urea/isocyanic acid, was investigated in mice as a potential biomarker of renal failure and for dose adjustment during treatment with a radioactive cytostatic drug. The kidney dysfunction was not severe enough to give a significant increase of VH in the experiment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2015. 66 p.
Keyword
biomarker, PAH, serum albumin, adduct, DNA, isocyanate
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110490 (URN)978-91-7649-074-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-01-29, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2014-12-15 Last updated: 2015-08-17Bibliographically approved

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