Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version of the pure procrastination scale, the irrational procrastination scale, and the susceptibility to temptation scale in a clinical population
2014 (English)In: BMC Psychology, E-ISSN 2050-7283, Vol. 2, 54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Procrastination is a prevalent self-regulatory failure associated with stress and anxiety, decreased well-being, and poorer performance in school as well as work. One-fifth of the adult population and half of the student population describe themselves as chronic and severe procrastinators. However, despite the fact that it can become a debilitating condition, valid and reliable self-report measures for assessing the occurrence and severity of procrastination are lacking, particularly for use in a clinical context. The current study explored the usefulness of the Swedish version of three Internet-administered self-report measures for evaluating procrastination; the Pure Procrastination Scale, the Irrational Procrastination Scale, and the Susceptibility to Temptation Scale, all having good psychometric properties in English.
Methods: In total, 710 participants were recruited for a clinical trial of Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for procrastination. All of the participants completed the scales as well as self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and quality of life. Principal Component Analysis was performed to assess the factor validity of the scales, and internal consistency and correlations between the scales were also determined. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Minimal Detectable Change, and Standard Error of Measurement were calculated for the Irrational Procrastination Scale.
Results: The Swedish version of the scales have a similar factor structure as the English version, generated good internal consistencies, with Cronbach’s α ranging between .76 to .87, and were moderately to highly intercorrelated. The Irrational Procrastination Scale had an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of .83, indicating excellent reliability. Furthermore, Standard Error of Measurement was 1.61, and Minimal Detectable Change was 4.47, suggesting that a change of almost five points on the scale is necessary to determine a reliable change in self-reported procrastination severity.
Conclusions: The current study revealed that the Pure Procrastination Scale, the Irrational Procrastination Scale, and the Susceptibility to Temptation Scale are both valid and reliable from a psychometric perspective, and that they might be used for assessing the occurrence and severity of procrastination via the Internet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 2, 54
procrastination, psychometric evaluation, Irrational Procrastination Scale, Pure Procrastination Scale, Susceptibility to Temptation Scale
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110880DOI: 10.1186/s40359-014-0054-zOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110880DiVA: diva2:773383
The current study was made possible in part by a grant from the Swedish Research Council (2011-38394-87877-7) to the sixth author, as well as a grant from Linköping University to the fifth author. None of the granting sources were involved in the preparation or execution of the current study, and were not a part of the statistical analyses or drafting of the manuscript. The authors of the current study would like to thank Piers Steel for allowing a Swedish translation and use of the Pure Procrastination Scale, the Irrational Procrastination Scale, and the Susceptibility to Temptation Scale, as well as for providing background information and being of assistance during the data analysis.2014-12-182014-12-182016-08-10Bibliographically approved