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Characterization of plant-water interaction in Kilombero River Catchment in Tanzania using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Remote-sensing based indices such as Normalized Difference Vegetation Index have yielded valuable information about plant health. As the availability of water is one of the factors that controls plant's response to their environment, it is possible to indirectly studythe hydrology of an area via vegetation indices. Hence the thesis work used this tool to characterize the potential shifts in vegetation cover within and between years in Kilombero river catchment in Tanzania and make connection to the hydrology in the area. Separate time series analyses conducted on data pertaining to NDVI values and the areal coverage variability of arbitrarily defined NDVI-classes. The former data was extracted from a naturally vegetated wetland in the middle of the catchment while the latter from the topographically defined areas of the catchment. Results from the analyses showed that bothdatasets are sensitive to the seasonal rainfall while at inter-annual scale the areal coverage variability displayed significant correlations with past precipitation. Meanwhile the relatively higher sensitivity of the lowland area‟s NDVI to precipitation conforms to the initial assumption which emphasizes the importance of the wetland sub-catchment codenamed 1KB17 in describing Kilombero‟s hydrology. But the datasets show weak trends and it was not possible to make accurate future predictions on the hydrological conditions in the area. Meteorological distortions like clouds and environmental processes such as climate patterns or disturbances might have caused the problem in trend detection. Further studies needed to shed more light on the connection between land cover and hydrologic response in Kilombero. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 57 p.
Keyword [en]
NDVI, NDVI classes, areal coverage, time-series analyses, hydrological data
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources Physical Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110913OAI: diva2:773595
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2015-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water ResourcesPhysical Geography

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