The governance of addictions at the international level
2014 (English)In: Reframing addictions: policies, processes and pressures / [ed] Peter Anderson, Gerard Bühringer & Johan Colom, Barcelona: ALICE RAP project , 2014, 1, 46-58 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
This chapter considers the governance of addictions in an international perspective, focusing on structures and actions at a global level and within the European Union (EU) in the fields of drugs, pharmaceuticals, alcohol, tobacco and gambling. Both at a global level and within the EU, there is great disparity between different addictive substances and behaviours in the extent of and priorities in international governance of markets and their customers. Nonmedical use of psychoactive substances under international drug control treaties is subject to a strict prohibitory regime, and at the EU level implementing that regime has been a political project of unification. In contrast, alcohol and gambling are subject to no public health-oriented international regulation, and trade treaties and agreements have been used as instruments to weaken national and local control regimes. Tobacco and psychopharmaceuticals (along with other medications under prescription regimes), are at intermediate positions. At the EU level, court decisions on trade and national control issues have paid substantial attention to considerations of public health and interest. But at the global level, international trade and investment law has fairly systematically operated to undercut control for public health or in the public interest in all areas other than the drug prohibition treaties. Particularly globally, there has been a tendency toward a Manichean system where an addictive commodity either is forbidden entirely or is subject to free-market rules with diminishing restrictions on the market and promotion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Barcelona: ALICE RAP project , 2014, 1. 46-58 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-111873ISBN: 978-84-697-1647-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-111873DiVA: diva2:776934