Micro-hydrothermal reactions mediated grain growth during spark plasma sintering of a carbonate-containing hydroxyapatite nanopowder
2014 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, Vol. 34, no 16, 4395-4401 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A carbonate-containing hydroxyapatite nanopowder was consolidated by spark plasma sintering at the temperatures ranging from 650 to 1100 degrees C. It was found that the water released by dehydroxylation was trapped inside the nanopores in the densified HAp bodies over 900 degrees C. Based on the analysis by the X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscope, the water-nanopore system was evaluated and its effect on the grain growth was also investigated. It was revealed that the water existed inside the closed nanopores most probably resulted in the formation of local micro-hydrothermal environments inside bulk HAp ceramics during SPS. Therefore, the grain growth was enhanced by the local micro-hydrothermal reactions activated above 900 degrees C. In addition, abnormal grain growth was also observed when a higher temperature or higher heating rate was employed, which may be attributed to the local highly active hydrothermal reactions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 34, no 16, 4395-4401 p.
Hydroxyapatite, Spark plasma sintering, Hydrothermal, Grain growth
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-109798DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.06.026ISI: 000343357200030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-109798DiVA: diva2:778186