Monosyllabic circumflexion or shortening?: The treatment of the long vowels in the 3rd person future forms in Lithuanian
2014 (English)In: Indogermanische Forschungen, ISSN 0019-7262, E-ISSN 1613-0405, Vol. 119, no 1, 339-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Lithuanian 3rd person future forms of monosyllabic acute stems arementioned as one of the categories where the examples of a phenomenoncalled “monosyllabic circumflexion” or “monosyllabic metatony” are found,e.g., dúoti – duõs ‘to give.’ However, there are several exceptions, e.g., lìs (lýti ‘to rain’), bùs ( būti ‘to be’), etc. Yet, the condition of the exceptionshas not been fully analyzed in the context of the verbal systeminvolving other tense paradigms. In this paper, a thorough examination willbe conducted on the 3rd person future forms and their paradigms in Lithuanian.It is found that the verbs which have shortened 3rd person future formsalways have the nasal infix present. Based on this result, a possible interpretationwill be presented as to how certain 3rd person future forms have beenshortened. Also, I will propose that the shortening of the 3rd person futureforms is a secondary development, whereas MC could be the regular processfor the 3rd person future forms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, no 1, 339-354 p.
historical linguistics, Lithuanian, future, Balto-Slavic accentology
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Baltic Languages; Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112442DOI: 10.1515/if-2014-0017ISI: 000346438100015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-112442DiVA: diva2:779225